The most interesting monuments of ancient times of Iran History which bring memorable times in Iran are the aqueducts. These wonderful handmade ducts are parts of Iran Tourism Attractions. The aqueduct is an underground water channel that transports water from the bottom of the earth upward to the ground downstream. The word Qanat is Arabic, but the Qanat water supply system has been invented in Iran.
Most regions of Iran are hot and dry. Living in these areas without enough rain and enough water is impossible, but the Iranians, using the Qanat, have been able to solve their water needs and reclaim desert droughts. The warm and dry areas of other regions of the world, such as Australia, are not inhabited, but in Iran, there are not only many towns and villages, but also they have agricultural products of hot and dry areas including fruits, vegetables, and oilseeds even to export some of them.
According to the Ministry of Energy, some 36,300 cubic meters have been located in IRAN. Qanat is seen in countries that have been part of Iran or have a cultural connection with Iran. It is seen in Mesopotamia, Iraq and Syria, Pakistan and Afghanistan, Western China, southern Russia, young Persian Gulf States, northern Africa, and southern Europe, but the number of existing aqueducts in Iran alone is more than the total number of Qanats outside of Iran.
Throughout the arid regions of Iran, water from permanent settlements and agriculture was provided by an ancient qanat system of underground aquifers in the valleys and conducting water along underground tunnels by gravity and earth gravity, often within a kilometer distance. Eleven Qanats represent the system of workers’ rest areas, water tanks, and watermills. The traditional public management system still allows for the fair and sustainable distribution and distribution of water in these locations. Qanat provides exceptional evidence of cultural traditions and civilizations in desert climates. These features led the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, along with the registration of these works as a World Heritage Site.
The names of the registered Qanats are : qanats of Gonabad, Baleh Ferdows, Zarech Hassan Abad, Mirza Nasrallah Mehriz, Jupar Kerman, Akbarabad and Ghasem Abad in Brovat of Bam, Moun in Ardestan, Wazvan and Mazdabad of Isfahan and Ibrahim Abad in Arak, in the six provinces of Khorasan Razavi, South Khorasan, Yazd, Kerman, Central and Isfahan.