Susa

 

Susa is one of the well-known cities in the world and the oldest city and capital of civilization in Iran and in the province of Khuzestan, which dates back to about four thousand (4000) BC. Susa has been one of the most prominent and most magnificent cities in Iran for the past ancient times. It was the center of the meeting between the two major civilizations of Mesopotamia and Ilam. Due to the ancient and old nature of this city, there are many monuments and ancient sites in this city, which each of is remarkable. In this article, we try to introduce the most famous and most spectacular tourist attractions of this legendary city.

 

Cygnus ziggurat

Choghazenbil Ziggurat, a temple located 45 kilometers south of Susa, built In the ancient region of Haft Tapeh during the time of the king of Elamites, “Ontas Gol”, for their gods.

This monument and works found by ancient excavations from within it are one of the most amazing historical monuments of the world that attracts many tourists for every year.

 

Seven Hills Museum

The ancient area of ​​Haft Tapeh is located 15 km south of the city of Susa. The excavations that took place in the ancient region from 1344, contain valuable works such as clay and metal sculptures, tombs, temples, mass graves, musical instruments and pottery collected at the Haft Tapeh Museum in the same area. It is said that civilization in this region returns at least to 600 BC.

Susa Castle (Akroupl)

Susa castle is a medieval castle with the six-sided figure that has been rebuilt over the hills in the ancient Susa area during the Qajar era. The castle was built in 1897 by French “Jacques Du Morgan” for the residence of French archaeologists on this ancient hill and is now being used as an archaeological site for research.

Museum of Susa

The Susa Museum began its activities in ancient Persia area near Susa Castle in 1345. This museum is one of the most important museums of ancient Iran that valuable works of different periods of this land are kept there.

Tomb of Daniel the prophet

“The Tomb of Daniel the prophet, “As his name suggests, is the tomb of the prophet Daniel in the city of Susa in the province of Khuzestan. The prophet Daniel was one of the prophets of the “Bani of Israel” in the seventh century BC when his generation reaches the Prophet David. This tomb is located next to the Shawur River and in front of Susa castle.

 

Apadana Palace of Susa

The ancient area of ​​Susa encompasses a vast area throughout the city of Susa, which included numerous architectural structures and buildings from various architectural forms of different historical periods. One of these historic structures is the Apadana Palace, one of the most magnificent palaces of Iran in ancient times, and now has world renown.

Related article:

Apadana Palace of Achaemenid Susa; A Pure Visualization of Iranian Art and History.

This palace was built during the Achaemenid times, on the orders of Darius the Great, around 521-515 BC. Some of the remains of this palace are also kept in museums around the world.

 

Karkheh River

Karkheh River is the third-longest river in Iran after Karun and White River. This river originates from the Zagros Mountains and after passing from the city of Andimeshk, it redirects from the ancient works of Susa to the west. In the 40 km north of Ahwaz, its waterway is re-changing and entering Iraq. The largest dam of Iran has been built on this river.

 

Ivan Karkheh

Ivan Karkheh, the largest buried city of the Sassanid Empire, is located 25 kilometers northwest of Susa before the Dehloran Road.

It was built by Shapur II Sassanid in the years 309 to 379 BC. In ancient texts, this city is referred to as “Kurdishapur” meaning “the city built by Shapur,” but now it is called “Ivan Karkheh”. At present, only a small part of the city has been remained.

Karkheh National Park

Karkheh National Park includes Karkheh Northern National Park, Southern Karkheh National Park and Protected Area of Karkheh, which has been approved by the National Park in 2010 as Karkheh National Park.

The beautiful Karkheh River, which passes through this park, the massive forests of this region has made it one of the most attractive and most spectacular tourist destinations in Susa. You can also watch a variety of vegetation and animals in this park.

 

Tomb of Khazaie

Dawbar Khazaei is one of the famous Shi’a poets who lived under the rule of Abbasids. He was one of the Ahlulbat’s (followers) devotees. It is said that Imam Reza has given his shirt as a holy gift to him. The tomb of this famous Arab poet is located in the heart of the city of Susa, along with the cultural complex of Khazaei.

 

Shawar River

Through Travel to Iran In a few kilometers northwest of Susa, on the east coast of the village of Sayyed Ahmed, Shawor River has been formed from the fusion of several springs. This beautiful river passes through the middle of the city of Susa, and historical documents of Iran History that indicate that this river is one of the most ancient rivers in Iran. Shawer river flows from north to south and after passing from Susa, it divides   Susa into two parts of the East and West along Ahwaz road to Andimeshk and between the two rivers of Karkheh and Dez, and finally, after a distance of 70 kilometers, Descends to the Dez River.

 

Bamdagh Wetland /The spectacular Ecotourism

 

If you go along the Shawer River in Susa, after a few miles, your last station will be a spectacular wetland. In fact, Shawer River is one of the sources of nutrition in this wetland, which has a significant impact on the life of the wetland during the second half of the year. This wetland is one of the five largest wetlands in the province of Khuzestan with an area of 4,000 hectares. Bamdagh wetland is one of the goals of domestic and foreign ecotourism tourists, because it is one of the migratory birds’ stops from Siberia and East Africa.

*Charhengam*