Meymand UNESCO World Heritage

The best example of the ancient civilization before Christ is situated in the heart of Iran History.

The village of Meymand in Kerman is undoubtedly one of the most ancient human settlements in the world, which has survived and survived twelve thousand years ago.

According to researches, the primary nuclear of the village of Maymand belonged to the time when Iranians believed in the Mitra’s religion.

They chose the darkness of the caves for worship and placed their dead in the mountains buried in the crypt. In this way, a number of temples and tombs were built in Meymand.

The followers of the Mitra faith believed in the stability, endurance and inseparability of the mountains and, based on this belief, made their homes in the mountains. Some scholars also believe that the followers of the ritual used caves in the mountains to use only for worship and burial of the dead, and after a while they were resettled in an emergency condition  just due to the emergency of the changes  in climate .

Mithra’s religion has been prevalent before the advent of Zoroastrianism in Iran and has continued for a long time since its advent. Based on the new knowledge of the date of the advent of Zoroastrianism 6000 years BC, and therefore dating back to at least 6000 BC, it is built 6000 before Christ.

10,000-year-old designs and 6,000-year-old pottery are some of the masterpieces that certify the history of the Maymand. Due to the strength of defense, Meymand has undergone less physical and social transformation throughout history, and the most significant change has been in recent months. There is a collection of very old works, such as temples, temples, castles and various towers (dating back thousands of years ago) that turn Meymand from one village to a specific civilization. This civilization was originally based on the Mithraic and later Zoroastrian rules.

After the rise and arrival of Islam to Iran, the people of Meymand who believed in the Zoroastrian religion converted to Islam and Shiie religion.

 

Rocky houses:

Another wonderful Iran Tourism Attractions   for tourists during Iran Tour is visiting the Rocky houses in Meymand. On slopes and in different floors (2 to 5 floors), cuts are created as horizontal slits, The length of these cuts, which is said Kitche to be 6 to 9 meters in length, reaches the height to reach the house. The kitche end reaches the space like the Ivan (balcony) called Dalan, which is the most important element of the place, in that most affairs; there are roughly one to five rocky houses around each of these corridors. These five-story residential buildings are stacked and interconnected; So that neither of them is in contact with each other.

The spacing of the hoops in the lower floor is greater than the distance in the upper floors. There are about 400 small and large chains in Maymand.

The interior space of the houses sometimes has a rectangular or circular square and light from a short entrance reaching a height of 75 to 76 centimeters. The wooden entrance doors and the inside of the porch walls have been opened through which, by means of a key called the key, they lock or open. The input of the rooms in the village of Meymand is in accordance with the human body model. As the width of the entrance in the lower part is 65 to 80 cm, the bottom of the entrance to the house is about 15 to 20 cm high, which prevents water and soil from entering the houses.

On the sloping hill of the western and eastern hills, several pedestrian paths are seen in relatively low-lying lines, but these paths cannot be so permanent because they are moving in with rocks moving uphill or constantly changing by people. The lobes of the living cavities rotate without any order. It can be claimed that in the village of the Meymand rock cluster, unlike all known urban and rural settlements, there are no streets or alleys. The street in the Meymand culture is merely “to the horizontals that go deep into the slopes of the hills and finally to the cave houses such as a residential building.

Museums and exhibitions are permanently available at the village level for visiting tourists. Museum of Anthropology in Kyzeche ( kitche), known as a fire temple, photo exhibition, handicrafts, anthropology and a carpentry workshop (located in village parking), an exhibition of rock paintings and illustrations of native stories in the old village baths, a national exhibition of native products .every  day is ready to visit the local and foreign tourists visiting the village of Meymand.

*Charhengam*