The oldest historical building of Isfahan should be regarded as the Friday Mosque,”Jame-Mosque” or the Mosque of Isfahan the most amazing place of Iran Attractions and in someone of the UNESCO world heritage site. The present cemetery of the mosque is mainly related to the Seljuk period one era of Iran History, but its repairs and extensions are related to later periods, especially the Safavid era.
Archaeological excavations indicate that this mosque was probably the most important religious center of the city before the Arabs dominated the city and used it as one of the fireplaces in the city of Isfahan.
The discovery of a column of letters, decorated with the Sasanian period, in the northern area of the mosque, confirms the pre-Islamic monument.
This building is located in the old part of Isfahan you see during your Iran Tour , on the western side of the street of Hatef and the end of the big bazaar, which has been the common point and the location of the neighborhoods of “DarDasht, Abu Al-Eshaghiyeh, Nezamiyeh and Jouybareh “during hundreds of years.
The collection is currently in religious use and has an area of about 22,000 square meters and is four-footed.
The complex of Mosque of Isfahan consists of a large central courtyard with dock and related buildings, four porches, domes of the north and south, numerous nurseries, schools, entrances, various decorations and many extensions to contemporary times. .
The first mosque was built alongside the old” Yavan village “and probably was built on a foal building from Islam. The first mosque in the current location at a lower level and with smaller dimensions in 156 hectares was made.
In the 3rd century AH of Iran History, due to the expansion of the city and population expansion, the mosque became wider and built on the first mosque. The building of the mosque in the third century, and after the coming of Shi’a, is the “Al Boyah” religion.
In the fourth century, changes are being made to develop it. The 5th and 6th centuries saw the biggest change from the point of view of internal and external imagery.
At this time (the Salajeq period), the mosque was domed and turned into a four- porches from the form of nave state, which remained this four-porches style in the pattern of Iran’s mosque construction .
In the course of the Ilkhani, Al-Mozaffar and Teimuri periods, developments in the architecture and ornamentation of its various sections took place, including the arched facade of the courtyard of the mosque in two rows with a tiled facade.
In the 10th, 11th and 12th centuries, the Safavid era was considered less attractive due to the severe political and demographic changes, and then restoration began.
Today, the Jame mosque has eight entrances that have been designed and developed in different periods. The oldest entrance of the Jame mosque, which is now blocked, is located in the northeast.
The current entrance is located on the side of Hatef Street, with rocky platforms and tiled decorations. Beside the dome of the earth (located in the north of the fifth century), the head was tiled on 768 AH. AH is made. And the other in the eastern side adjacent to “Sofeh Sahib”, is related to the same period.
Through these entries, various sections of the mosque and courtyard can be entered. The courtyard of the Isfahan Jame mosque is 70 to 60 meters in size, with verandas in four main directions.
Two story porches and pavilions around and two ponds and related buildings.
In the middle of the courtyard, two ponds, one in the center of the square and the other in the form of a polygon, are located in the north.
The altar of “Oljeito”
One of the most important historical and beautiful parts of Iran Tourism Attractions in Jame mosque building is the al-Ja’yō altar, which is located in the western side of the northern porch.
According to its stamped inscriptions, in 710 AD. In the era of Olijatou and his minister, Mohammad Sawi, the ” Azod Ibn al-Mastary” artist was made and the architect of the plaster put it on his signature with “Haydar’s action”. The nave is related to the Mozaffari period.
This altar is one of the masterpieces of art craftsmanship and has been decorated with beautiful inscriptions, diverse plant designs and facade columns.
The damn inscription of the altar, which has been read with much effort, is as follows:
“This mihrab is one of the additions of the buildings that were agreed to be restored in the days of the modified Sultan, the protector of Islam and the faithful of the religion and the religion. God remained in the two lands. God guarded the goodness of Islam from the virtues of the charity of the great Sahaabite nation, the owner of the Diwan Al Mamlak in the east and west.”
The school and “Safav-Omar” with a rectangular design on the eastern side of the Jame mosque include a rectangular courtyard and a porch on the south side and a porch on the northern side that has been destroyed.
On both sides of the east and west of the courtyard, the arches are two-story, parts of which have been destroyed.
The main porch is 10 x 10 meters in diameter, with a two-storey roof covering with a short covering, each with 5 meter wide brick walls.
The porch has tiled decoration, historical inscriptions, Mogharnas which made the porch as a beautiful monument of Iran Attractions.
Historical inscriptions on the Avon were written on two large edges with a mosaic tile, the first under the vault of the porch of the “King Mahmud al-Muzaffar” and dated 768 AH. The second is related to Ashraf Afghan and dated 1139 AH. AH is written in the middle of the Avon wall.
First inscription, except for the first and last sentences, the rest of the decomposed restored. This inscription is on the line “Aziz Al-Taji Hafiz”. Another inscription is also rebuilt and written in the line of Ali Molavi.
The altar of nave also has a historical inscription dating back to 778 AH. To the line “Ali Kouhyar Abargouei”. The names of the creators of the altar, “Shams ibn Taj” and “Fakhr Ibn al-Wahab Shirazi”, whose names are repeated on the ceiling of Avon.
The porch is decorated with a building on a brick floor, the text of which is the phrase “or star”.
Another part of the Mozafari period is the Mahabad Olijatou Shrine. This section of the nave decorations has pillars and varied brick vaults.
Despite the existence of the altar inscription on the date of 710 AH. For the following reasons, the Jame mosque is related to the Mozafari period:
1 – There is no mention of the nave in the inscription of the altar.
2- It seems that the sidewalls where the altar was made have “Ilkhani” designs and decorations that disappeared during the next changes and the remaining parts indicate this.
3-The brickwork is an unstructured and decorative style, while the altar and its former area have a thick layer of gypsum and beautiful decorations. Beside this altar there is a precious pulpit.
It is numbered 95 in the list of Iranian national monuments and a part of Iran Tourism Attractions.