Bistun is a historic complex about 30 km east of Kermanshah. This complex and its natural scenery of Iran History was registered in 2006 by the UNESCO World Heritage List. The most ancient works in this area belong to the Middle Paleolithic era, and the most recent ones are related to the Safavid era, But his reputation is bestowed on the inscription and the prominent Dariush I of Achaemenid (521-486 BC), which is carved on a rock cliff at an altitude of about 80 meters from the foot of the mountain.
The mirage of Bisotun, another one of the monuments of Iran Tour is a spring that flows from the earth and its water is gathered in a very small pool. According to Iran History, the existence of this mirage has been one of the main reasons for human settlements from the Paleolithic to the present time at this point. In historic times, it was also used as the venue for commuters and caravans in the direction of the center and west of Mesopotamia. Most of the historical monuments are located around this mirage.
According to Iran History, This narrative of the events related to the death of Cambyses and the transfer of power to Darius is based on Darius’s statement in Bisotun’s inscription, which is more or less consistent with the account of Greek historians. Some contemporary scholars have come up with other narratives that make the story far more complicated and challenge Darius’s narrative.
The Behistun Inscription (also Bisotun, Bistun or Bisutun; Persian: بیستون, Old Persian: Bagastana, meaning “the place of god”) through Travel to Iran is a prominent monument and earliest written documents of Iran history. This inscription is written on the large rock on a cliff at Mount Behistun in the Kermanshah Province of Iran,
This inscription is written in three languages: Elamite, Babylonian, and Ancient Persians, and a cuneiform script that describes and illustrates the victory of Darius I of Achaemenid Empire on the insurgents. They, after the death of Cambyses, rebelled with the leadership of a person called the Geomat Mogh (false king), but Darius succeeded in defeating and punishing them all.
Barnaj’s burial grave
By searching in Iran History Barnaj’s burial grave(barnaj, the name of a village ) is a small plumage dating from the Medes to the Sassanid period, spaced far to the right of the Dariush I inscription and at an altitude below it.
During Travel to Iran, you see on the slopes of Mount Bisotun, by searching in Iran History there are several historical caves called Martarik, Merdoder, Markhar, and Hunters (Persian: shekarchian ), all of which are related to the middle Paleolithic period. Through Travel to Iran, you see there are materials such as human and animal bones, bone tools and stone abrasives have been discovered among them.
For example, in the hunters’ cave (the fronting photo), animal bones like deer, gazelle, wild cattle and hog were obtained. Searching in Iran History indicates: It is believed that Hunters used this cave as a temporary haven. They were butchering the animals after the hunting and then they took them to the main residence.
By Traveling to Iran, special in this region you will notice people are fond of this place perhaps for some folklore tales which connected this place to the legend of Farhad and Shirin.
Through Travel to Iran in the west of it, we see an old bridge -Khosro Bridge, which is about 150 meters long and 7 meters wide in the southwest of Bisotun and located on the Gamasiab River. Its architectural name and style indicate that it was built in the late Sassanid period and possibly in the period of Khosro Parviz II.
By Iran Traveling you face some structures show the other countries rushes to Iran. Hercules statue is one of these evidence, (Greece overcome Iran). As a part of Iran History the statue of Hercules is located at the bottom of Bisotun Mountain and on the right side of the Darius inscription. This statue, which shows Hercules, the war god of the Greeks, was built in 153 BC.
These Greek gods were worshiped in Iran during the period of history (Occupation of Iran by Greece). This statue was discovered during the construction of the Hamadan road to Kermanshahan, the western provinces in 1337 solar year.
Farhad Terash, is a large wall with a length of 200 and a height of 36 meters, the only manmade wall on mountain in Iran History, which is on the slopes of Mount Bisotun and west of the Dariush inscription.
This tall wall was built by” Farhad Kuhkan”, he was a famous and failed lover of Persian literature and loved by the legendary sweet and rival of Khosrow Parviz.
In the story of the poet’s poems and folklore stories in this region Farhad Hajjar, or farhad Kohkan is an engineer and a simple, humanist engineer, he is extremely strong and rich in property.
Farhad’s character, like the legendary love myth, has been presented in the hall of legends in Persian poetry and literature, and based on the story of his love for sweet and his rivalry with Khosrow Parviz, many stories have been created that, in spite of some differences, are basically shared.
Also, in the literature of Iran, the tulip came from Farhad Blood from the earth.
One of the heritage in Iran History is Bisotun Caravanserai. This inn is from the Safavid era and its building has been completed during Shah Solomon’s era and with the help of Sheikh Ali Khan Zanganeh. The building was used as a checkpoint and a prison in recent decades but was dismantled and restored in order to record the world’s historic monuments.
Unfinished Sassanid Palace and Ilkhani Caravanserai
This palace is located down to Mount Bisotun and opposite Farhad Terash. The architectural style and surrounding evidence show that it is a late Sassanid period that has been abandoned for unknown reasons. On the remnants of this palace during the Mongol Ilkhan times, a caravanserai has been built that remains intact.
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