Golestan province is one of the northern provinces of Iran one of the best Iran Tourism Attractions. Its center is Gorgan, and has a common border with Turkmenistan. The province is about 7,000 years old with valuable historical and climatic regions of Iran History. Golestan province has a diverse cultural and economic structure as it has a climatic diversity. This area is the site of the link between different social groups. The province has many historical and natural attractions and the Gonbad-e-Kavos tower has a worldwide reputation and is registered by UNESCO.
Name of the province: GolestanThe old name during Iran History : Vorgane, Gurkan, Hirkani, Gorgan, Astarabad, Gurjan. This land has been recorded in the Avesta as "Herkaneh", recorded in the inscription of Bishtun as “Verkaneh” and in Pahlavi books named it "Vourkan". The ancient Greek writers named it Hirkania.
Center of the province: Gorgan cityHistory: The history of civilization dates back to 7,000 years ago. In the Kiaram Cave located in the village of Galiche, it has been excavated from the Paleolithic Period. Recent research shows that the Gorgan region has been home to pre-Aryan civilization since 6,000 years ago. The earliest works of the Neolithic period of Iran were found from the cave of the Belts and the Hitou Cave near Behshahr. These works show that the people of that time were familiar with pottery, knitting, domestication of animals like mountain goats and making polished stone tools. The exploration of the Torang Hill, near Gorgan, also indicates that the area has large villages, massive pottery and agricultural irrigation networks one amazing of Iran Tour. Its date is at least as much as the burned city in Sistan. The name of this land is in the form of Gurkan in the writings of the Pahlavi written and in Achaemenid script, including Dariush's stone in Bistun. Greek historians have called it Hirkani. Darius Achaemenid's father was once the ruler of this region. The Gorgani horse riders were always amazed by the Achaemenids. Darius brought some of the brave warriors into the Immortal Guards the most important army and part of Iran History . This land of good weather was from the tranquility of the spring and summer of the Parthian kings. It was during the same period that the Gorgan wall was constructed to prevent the “Houns” from being attacked and rebuilt during the Sassanid period. After the Arab invasion of Iran, the region was not dominated by the Arabs, and only became their hirelings. It was about a century after the attack that they were able to conquer the region from Iran and call Gorgan the Gurjan istead. After the arrival of the Arabs in Iran, the Al-Ziyar family is the most well-known rulers in the area that dominated the Gorgan, Tabarestan and Guilan from the beginning of the fourth century to the middle of the fifteenth century (435 or 441 lunar years) Isfahan, Hamedan and Dinor were also under their command. The founder of this dynasty, “Mardavjge”, attributed his relation to the Iranian and Sasanian kings. “Qaboos Bin Washemgir” is one of the most famous rulers of Al-Ziar, whose renowned for his interest in knowledge has led the great ones, such as "Abūeiīhān Birouni" and "Avicenna", to Gorgan. The construction of the Tower of Qaboos, in the city of Gonbad-e-Kavos, is also under his command, which is considered to be the largest brick building in the world. Ultimately, the rule of Al-Ziar was dismantled by the Seljukites. Golestan is the new name of this historic land that has been named throughout the history of the seventh century AD, called the state of Gorgan, and from then until the beginning of the 10th century, in the name of Astarabad, and in the writings of the early Islamic era (Gurjan) and from March 1316 in Gorgan. Is. This province was part of Mazandaran province until 1376, but it was an independent provincial Golestan that year and the city of Gorgan was chosen as its center.
Important tourist attractions:Golestan National Park, Gonbad Qaboos Tower, Makhtumquli Tomb, Dining forest Park, Forest Park of Chehel Chai Strait, Lowe Waterfall, Kaboodvall Waterfall, Gorgan Jame Mosque, Shabnam the Khandoz ‘ granddaughter, Forest Park, Imamzadeh Mohsen Karim Abad, Cheshmeh Gol Ramayan, Thousand turn Hill, Abriz Cave of golden mountains, Pashmaki cave, Shiriabad cave, Sam Cave, Cave Garu, Alagol wetland, Ajgol wetland, Almagol wetland, Gorgan triangle gulf, Miankale peninsula, Ashooradeh island and ……
Architecture:The cities of this province are in fact the former developed villages. The villages of Golestan province are centrally located and in close proximity. The amazing architecture makes Iran travelling fascinated. These villages are in the longitudinal direction along the roads and rivers and in the mountainous sections they are in form of echelon.
Handicrafts:The history of handicrafts in the Gorgan plain dates back to past centuries. The art of pottery and glasses kept the furnaces hot for many years. The historical period of the pottery of Gorgan began from the Sassanid period, and ended in the Safavid period. In the early Islamic centuries, from the third to the sixth century, in addition to the pottery, glass was also brought by the Gorganian‘s hands. Except pottery and glass, which are no longer forgotten, the handicrafts that are now considered as handicrafts from the Golestan province include: Turkmen carpets and rugs, silk fabrics, Jajimcheh , Wad, Plus, needlework (black embroidered), Turkmen ornaments
Culture and customs:This province is a combination of ethnicities and religions, each of which has its own religion and culture. Many tribes live in the province, including Turkmen, Persians, Sistani, and Persian native speakers, Baluchs, Turks (Azerbaijani and Qizilbash), Mazandaran, and Kazakhs that during Travel to Iran can be visited.. Different tribes lie in the mountains in the highlands of northern Khorasan province and winter in the plains of Golestan province and are engaged in animal husbandry. Kurdish tribes are the most migrating provinces, most of them were from Khorasan province. They spend their winter quarters in the cities of Gonbad Kavoos and Kalaleh along with the farmers of Semnan and Shahrud. A very small part of the Turkmens of the province has also retained the habit of settling their predecessors and living in tents called Alachiq.
during the Iran tour and travel to each city of Iran dishes is very important part of traveling. Gorgan is one of the best tourist cities in Iran. In addition to the unique nature that attracts the attention of tourists and travelers in Gorgan, this city and, in general, the north of the country, are popular for travelers due to local delicacies. If you plan to travel to Gorgan and decide to go to different restaurants in this city and enjoy the best local dishes, you can choose one of the following restaurants.
- Nharkhoran restaurant
- Gorgan Akbar jooje(Chiken)
- Seyyed Masoud restaurant
- Babataher restaurant and center