For the first time, during Iran History the proposal to create a place called the museum was named by  Morteza Gholi Hedayat called the Sunni Al-Dowleh. By visiting this museum which is one of the Iran Tourism Attractions,  It seems everyone finds the Iran Visa to Travel to Iran.

In 1306, the unconditional concession of French archaeologists to Iran was canceled. They were allowed to dig only in Susa.

Also, since Iran decided to establish a museum and a national library, its design and implementation privileges were given to the French.

 For this, Andreas Gaudar, a French engineer, came to Iran in 1929 to establish a museum and library in Iran and officially began its work.

Architectural specification of the museum

Since the layout of a museum should be connected with the subject and the objects inside it and linked with the history and art of that land, from this point of view, the facade and the entrance to the museum-style view: “Eivan ( porch) Madaen and Tagh e  Kasra” Was made.

 (Ivan Castle is the name of the renowned palace of the city of Tisfon, the capital of the Sassanid state, with a veranda 35 meters tall, 50 meters wide and 25 meters deep).

The color of the bricks is also set to dark red to reflect the architecture of the Sasanian era. The museum is about 11,000 square meters, with its main building being built on three floors.

The architect of this building, Andre Gödar, was a French architect who was thinking of designing the Palace of Kasra in the city of Tisfon during the Sassanid era. This is the most important museum in Iran and one of the Iran Attractions.

  The museum was built in 1314 solar year. During two years, its construction was completed by Haj Abbasali Memar and Professor Morad Tabrizi and was officially opened in 1316 solar year.

National Museum Profile

Currently, the National Museum of Iran includes two ancient Iranian and Islamic museums.

The museum is considered to be the most important museum in the country with an area of ​​18,000 square meters and with about 300,000 ancient objects. It is considered to be the richest museum in the world in relation to the culture and the arts of Iran. This museum can show all the masterpieces of Iran History.

 The National Museum of Iran houses works related to prehistoric times, and the historical and Islamic monuments of Iran, the oldest of which is about eight thousand years old.

The Ancient Museum has rich archeological collections, the oldest of which is the Paleolithic period (between a million to about 12,000 years ago) and the latest works of the Sassanid period dating back more than 1500 years.

There are two main sections in the Museum of Ancient Iran, which have been introduced in accordance with the division of cultural periods and archaeologists approved by archaeologists, under the title of prehistoric history and the historical section.

On the ground floor of the Museum of Ancient Iran, pottery and precious objects exhibited belong to different periods of history from the contemporary period of the eighth century BC.

From the fertility goddess to the first ever animation in the world (a moving image of a mountain goat) from the statues of the kings, to salt people and from the ceremony of donating gifts to religious ceremonies, everyone can be seen in this valuable collection.

The oldest handmade stone pillar section of the ancient Iranian hall, made of quartz rocks or in mountainous pearls, relates to the Kashfroud river basin in eastern Mashhad, which is more than a million years old.

From other old collections of this section, “Darband” and “Treasure Gan” are related to Gilan province and “Shiveh to” near Mahabad, which is about seven hundred to two hundred thousand years old. There are also interesting works from the middle and new Paleolithic periods in the museum hall, which range from two hundred thousand to about twelve thousand years old.

From the Middle Paleolithic period, which coincides with the presence of Neanderthal man in Iran, tools made from firefighters and fossil fossils of Zagros Caves and Central Iranian Plateau caves, including Bistoon and Khorramabad caves, have been shown.

Some of the objects displayed in the prehistory section belong to the Elamite civilization. Of all periods of Elamite, many works of art have survived, especially from the Middle Elam period, which is one of the most glorious Elamite era triumphs.

Chogha Zanbil Temple is one of the most important architectural remnants of this period, with remarkable works such as cow figurines with inscriptions, glass tubes, bricks and clone in which it was shown in the hall. Glass tubes are one of the oldest examples of glass in Iran.

The works attributable to the “Maad ”  period of Iran History in the museum hall were obtained from the ancient sites of Nuschajan, Hasanlou, Godin, and Babajan.

In this period, the development of iron objects has been expanded, which is one of the most prominent examples in the hall.

In this period, beautiful glazed pottery was created, a spectacular example of which is the glaze of Zivia, showing two goats on the two sides of a Lotus flower.

The glorious Achaemenid period is one of the most prominent examples of ancient Iranian art that reflects the rich art of this period.

Research Areas

The National Museum of Iran has ten research sections and a library and documentation center:

Paleolithic section

Pre-historic section

Historical section

Islamic section

Seal and coin section

Restoration section

Inscriptions section

Tile section

Department of Osteology

Library and Documentation Center

Here are two sections of prehistoric history with a little description:


The national treasury of Iran has focused its artistic cultural works, which began with the Stone Age and ends with the objects used by the Iron Age people, in the museum’s prehistoric section.  That is one interesting case of Iran History. The objects in this section, made of various materials such as pottery, metal, ivory, bitumen, etc., have been discovered through archaeological explorations or accidentally from prehistoric sites in Iran.

 The oldest works displayed at the Museum of Ancient Iran are rocky blades of Kashfrud, which were found in archaeological surveys of 54 and 1353 in the Khorasan area and along the Kashfrud River.

The oldest works in which the religious and spiritual thoughts of man are prehistoric are human and animal specimens discovered from the hill of Sarab in the east of Kermanshah in 1339.

One of these is the sculpture known as Venus. The red clay obtained from the Cheshmeh Ali and Ismail Abad is among the first and oldest works to be encountered by visitors to the ancient Iranian museum, dating back to the fifth millennium BC.

 In this image container, there are four human beings who face each other, lifting their hands up and displaying ritual and sacred dances.

In the second floor of the Ancient Museum, there is a treasure of prehistoric prehistory, featuring unique works such as the Marlik Gold Cup, the Hasanlou Cup of Gold, the Khashayar Shah Cup, the Ritual of Hamadan Gold, the Zwarin and Simin Palace of the Palace Apadana of Persepolis, artifacts ornaments from Kurdistan and others.

Historical section

The works of this period are also mostly from scientific excavations, along with artifacts from the provinces. The historical period is made up of Achaemenid, Seluky, Parthian and Sassanid objects, and one of the most unique examples of the Parthian period is the binomial remnants of a man who accidentally, along with several bone pieces, in 1372.

 There was a saddle, pottery, an iron knife, a silver pin, a woolen short, a few pieces of cloth and a piece of walnut, along with the legs inside it. This bust was known to the salt man after being discovered.