Saadi was born in Shiraz. He was a child whose father died. His mother was from Cazeroon. In childhood, he went to school with great interest and learned the basics of knowledge. In adolescence, he showed great interest in research, religion, and knowledge. The unfortunate conditions of Iran at the end of the era of Sultan Muhammad Khwarazmshah, and especially the attack of Sultan Ghiyat al-Din Khwarazmshah, Jalaluddin Khwarazmshah’s brother in Shiraz (in 627 AH), forced Sa’di, who had no way to gain knowledge, to leave Shiraz.
Saadi began his tour in 1126 and traveled to various cities in the Near East and the Middle East, India, Habasheh, Egypt and North Africa, and this touristic period lasted thirty years. The tales that Saadi has narrated in Golestan and Boostan portrays his attitude and insight. Since Saddi himself was a tourist for many years of his life now his tomb is one of the Iran Attractions.
He graduated from the Baghdad Military School, where at that time there was world renown .and he was paid a pension called “edrar” (meaning salary) there.
It made a lot of difficulty traveling.
He himself narrated in Gulistan, where his foot was naked and he did not have a poppy, so he was horrified to the Jamee mosque of Kufa and he saw one who had no foot; therefore, he thanked God’s blessing and waited for the shamelessness.
As it was from the story of his famous book “Boostan”, when it was in India, it discovered idol’s deception and decipherment and slaughtered and killed the Brahmin that was hidden there.
Once in the course of the Crusades, as he writes himself in Golestan, he is captured by the Jesuits.
Saadi’s stories are generally thoughtful. Sa’di believed that faith was a consolation, and the way of healing the wounds of life was considered love and friendship.
This great Poet‘s tomb now is one of the best Iran Tourism Attractions that attracts many tourists every year. As Sa’di and his contemporaries wrote, he was fluent in words, phrases, logic, divine wisdom, and practical wisdom (civil society and politics). Boostan’s book contains not only ethical and spiritual material but also Sheikh’s professor in social sciences. Sa’adi’s masterpiece in Prose is Golestan, which is, in fact, a kind of writing, but has not imitated this process and has paved the way for novelty and innovation.
His reputation was so great that, after fifty-five years of his death, in China, the sailors were singing his poetry loudly.
Forty-three years after the death of Sheikh, one of the fazla and mystics named Ali Bin-i-Ahmadbn-i-Aki Sokar, known as Bisotun, attempted to set sasdi’s poems and arrange them in prepositions.
He divided all Sheikh works into 12 sections. The first is the treatises that have been compiled in Sufism and mysticism and the advice of Molok( nasayehol Molook ). Second Golestan, Third Boostan, Fourth Pandnameh, Fifth Persian Ghasayed (tales), Sixth Arabic ghasayed (tales), Seventh Tayebat , Eighth Badaye, Ninth Khavaithim, tenth old lyric poetry related to Sheikh’s youth, eleventh epistle of Sahibiyah including parts, Mathnavi (poem style), and Robaiyat (poem style). Twelfth, Motayebat. The old versions of Saadi’s works exist now the ones which were written in his time .
The Sheikh mob is known in Shiraz. The amazing place for Traveling to Iran. The historians have counted the current Sa’dia as his monastery and wrote that Sheikh was engaged in worship in this monastery, located in the northeast of Shiraz, and enjoyed dervishes on his dinner table.
The kingdom of Samarkandi writes in Tazkara al-Shara’a that the sultans, elders and scholars would go to the Sheikh pilgrimage to the khanqah. The aqueduct of the current fish at the time of the Sheikh was also current and Sa’di built a marble pond in the courtyard garden, from which it flowed aqueduct.