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Golestan Palace

The Golestan Palace is a 19th century royal residence in Teheran, built by the Qajar dynasty. It combines traditional Persian architecture with western influences.

The buildings were once enclosed within the mud-thatched walls of Tehran’s 16th century Historic Arg (citadel). The palace was rebuilt to its current form in 1865 by Haji Abol-hasan Mimar Navai.

The site comprises 8 palace complexes around a garden. Notable features include:

  • Marble Throne (Takht-e marmar)
  • Hoze Khaneh, a summer chamber with cooling system
  • Talar-e Aineh (Hall of Mirrors)
  • Shams-ol-Emareh (Edifice of the Sun)
  • Several museums

The story of Golestan Palace starts with the construction of Tehran Arg in the 16th century during the Safavid Era. Thatched mud walls of this citadel were embracing several royal buildings, and Golestan Palace was one of them. The Arg stood through Safavid and Zand dynasties until 1794. Then the first Shah of the Qajar Dynasty, Mohammad Khan, chose Tehran as the capital of the Persian Empire. Golestan Palace became the official residency of the Shah, who rebuilt it and supplemented it with new buildings.

 During the Pahlavi era, Golestan Palace acted as a place for official events and receptions. Reza Shah, who strongly believed in Iran modernization and growth, destroyed some of its buildings in between 1925 and 1945. The old-looking palace did not match the new appearance of the developing city. However, nowadays we are lucky to witness the remained construction, consisting of 17 buildings, museums, and halls. It was registered as UNESCO world heritage site in 2013.