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Kashan is a historical city located in the north of Isfahan Province, 244 kilometers away from Tehran and 218 kilometers away from Isfahan, and is the second populous city of the province after Isfahan. According to the 2017 census, the population of this city was 396,828. Kashan is located in the heart of the Dasht-e Kavir (Central Desert) and is the city of wonderful desert architecture related to the surroundings, eye-catching traditional and historical houses, rose water, and Persian carpets. With numerous historical attractions and more than 7000 years of antiquity, Kashan is one of the most touristic cities of Iran and attracts thousands of visitors who are interested in Cultural tours every year.

The oldest evidence of life in Kashan are some stone-made tools related to the prehistoric and Paleolithic Era, which show that Neanderthal lived in this area. Kashan is also home to one of the oldest civilizations of the historic era in the world which is named Sialk Civilization. The Sialk ancient area which is located close to the city of Kashan includes two ancient hills and dates back to 5000 to 8000 years ago and is believed to be the first and oldest ziggurat constructed in the world. Being located at the center of Iran and on the main strategic roads, caused Kashan to grow as an important industrial city during the Islamic Era. This city was ruined when the Mongols invaded Iran. but got reconstructed a few years later. Kashan got even more important and civilized during the Safavid Dynasty as the Safavid kings and governors spent a lot of their time in this city.

Located in the heart of the Central Desert (Dasht-e Kavir), Kashan has a hot and desert climate with low rainfall during the year (about 128 mm). Kashan passes its hottest days during July with an average temperature of 33.2 °C, while the temperature is at its lowest during January, 5.0 °C(41°F).

Being home to vast gardens of rose, Kashan is famous for producing rose water and rose oil. Rosewater is an essential element in Persian cooking, especially for making desserts and sweets.

Tabatabaei House

The historical houses of Kashan are the most famous attractions of this city, which reveal a lot about the Persian architecture and the lifestyle of Iranians during the 18th and 19 centuries. Tabatabaei House is one of the best examples of Persian houses in Kashan which exhibits excellent architectural design and decorations like delicate stuccowork, stunning stained-glass windows, etc.

Tepe Sialk

Although Tepe Sialk is not a touristic attraction, it is one of the most important ancient sites, which dates back to 6000-5500 B.C., has provided so much information about the ancient civilizations in Iran. The most significant objects found in this area are the pieces of pottery.

Agha Bozorg mosque

Founded by Mr. Mulla Mehdi Naraghi, a generous man known as Agha Bozorg, during the Qajar Dynasty, the Agha Bozorg Mosque and Madrasa is one of the fascinating constructions of Kashan. This mosque was built by the great architect Ustad Haj Shaban Ali, and was used for prayers and religious education. Agha Bozorg Mosque is a two-story building with a central courtyard and a great dome based on eight foundations, and stylish ornaments like stucco works, wood works, and paintings.

Bazaar of Kashan

Bazaar of Kashan is one of the famous traditional bazaars of Iran. This bazaar is located in the center of the city and was built during the Seljuk Dynasty. Timche-ye Amin od-Dowleh, which is one of the highlights of this bazaar, shows amazing architecture and ornaments.

Fin garden

Fin garden has an old date. According to some historical sources, this magnificent garden dates back to the Buyid dynasty, but the horrific earthquake struck in 982 AD. The Abbas II Fin Garden is a perfect example of Iran’s garden architecture. , Large and small footbaths and fountains there. One of the most important events in this garden is the killing of Mirza Tagi Khan (Amir Kabir) in the garden baths.

Boroojerdi House

Boroojerdi House is a historic home in Kashan, Iran. The house was built in 1857 by the architect Ostad Ali Maryam for the bride of the wealthy merchant Haji Mehdi Borujerdi. The bride came from the wealthy Tabatabayi family, where Ali Maryam built the Tabatabayi house a few years ago. It consists of a beautiful rectangular courtyard, a magnificent mural by the royal painter Kamal olmolk, and three 40-meter-high wind towers that help cool the house to unusually cool temperatures. It has three entrances and all the classic signatures of traditional Persian residential buildings such as Biruni and Daruni (Andarun). It took 18 years for 150 craftsmen to build the house. It has three entrances and has all the classic features of Persian architecture. The front entrance is in the shape of an octagonal entrance, with a multi-faceted skylight on the ceiling. Near the entrance is a stucco-finished 5-door room. The narrow corridor leads to a spacious rectangular courtyard with a pool, surrounded by trees and flower beds. In the vicinity of the corridor is a reception area sandwiched between two rooms. Due to the high amount of sunlight entering these two rooms, they were mostly utilized during winter. In the northeast area of the property lie the kitchen, rooms and stairways to the basement. On the southern side is a large covered hall adorned with reliefs, artistic carvings and meshed windows, which was the main area for holding celebrations. It consists of a raised platform on its far side that was normally reserved for special guests. The house is famous for its unusual wind tower made of stone, brick, tanned brick, clay, straw and mortar. Three 40-meter-high wind towers help cool the house to unusually cool temperatures. The cellar also consistently benefits from the cold air flow from the wind tower. Due to the special attention paid to the details required for the geographic and climatic conditions of the region, the house attracted the attention of not only architects, but also Iranian and foreign science and technology teams. The Boroojerdi House was once a private home, but is now open to the public as a museum. The museum is divided into four sections, namely reception, ceremonies, residential halls and rooms.