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Amir Kabir

Mirza Taqi Farahani was born in 1807 in Farahan, Iran, entitled Atabacke Azam (The Chief Minister), Amir Nezaam (The Prince of the State), and Amir Kabir (The Great Prince), is one of the greatest politicians in the recent two centuries of Iran. He initiated reforms that marked the effective beginning of the modernisation of Iran. At an early age Mirza Taqi learned to read and write despite his humble origins. Because of his natural gift and talent, he mastered the required knowledge and skills when still very young. He joined the provincial bureaucracy as a scribe and, by his abilities, rapidly advanced within the hierarchy of the administration. In 1829, as a junior member of the Iranian delegation in St. Petersburg, he observed the power of Russia, Iran’s great neighbor. He concluded that Iran needs significant and fundamental reforms to survive as a sovereign state. As Minister of Azerbaijan, he experienced the insufficiency of Iran’s state government and studied its modernization progress during his tenure in Ottoman Turkey. After returning to Iran in 1847, Mirzataki was appointed by Mohammad Shah of the Qajar dynasty to the court of Prince Nacelle Odin of Azerbaijan. With the death of Mohammad Shah in 1848, Mirza Taki became the main responsibility for the succession of the Crown Prince. In gratitude, the young monarch made him prime minister and gave him the hand of his own sister. It was at this time that Mirza Taki won the title of Amir Kabir. He took office when national affairs were completely destroyed and its internal system was completely destroyed. Iran was virtually bankrupt, the central government was weak, and the state was almost autonomous. Over the next two and a half years, Amir has introduced significant reforms in virtually every area of ​​society. Government spending has been reduced, distinguishing between private and public funding. Central government documents have been revised and Amir has taken over responsibility in all areas of the bureaucracy. Foreign interference with Iran’s domestic affairs has been reduced and foreign trade has been encouraged. Public works such as the Tehran bazaar are underway. A new secular university, Darolfonoon (The House of Skills), was founded to train new executives of government officials and equip them with modern skills. Among his other accomplishments was the foundation of a newspaper called “Vaqaye Etefaqieh” (The Happened Events). Many exploits in political affairs as well as in the relationships with the neighbouring and other foreign countries were made; he also attended to the order of Iranian Embassies across the world. The ambassadors of great lands in Iran were behaved in a way as expected from the Premier of an independent and selfgoverning government. With a firm, doubtless, strong, and steady will, Amir Kabir continued his reformations and exploitations, and all alone, resisted the most selfish, tyrannous and despotic king of the Qajar Dynasty along with his corrupt relatives, courtiers, and flatterers, among whom some had been excluded from the government. They regarded the Amir as a social upstart and a threat to their interests, and they formed a coalition against him, in which the queen mother was active. She convinced the young Shah that Amir wanted to take the throne. Shah released him in October 1851, exiled him to Karshan, and was killed by his order in 1852. Those who knew historians and Amir Kabir and studied his life and manners consider him a great and remarkable person.