Akbariyeh Garden is one of the most prominent Iran attractions of the city of Birjand, located in the southern Khorasan province, dating to the late Zandiyeh and early Qajar period of Iran History. Akbarieh Birjand Garden is one of the 9 Iranian Gardens registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List, so it can be seen from this perspective of its historical significance.
The Akriyeh Garden with 45,000 square meters and the unique architecture of the early Qajar period is undoubtedly the most beautiful monument of Iran Tourism Attractions in the southern Khorasan province.
Akbarieh Garden History
During the Zand dynasty, Birjand, the southern city of Khorasan province was developed and expanded greatly, and many houses were built around the Baharestan government. Therefore, in order to better protect the citadel and also avoid the public government decided to build a new dynasty.
At the end of the Zandieh era, Ali Akbar Khan Khuzimah, ordered the construction of this building in the vicinity of the Qanat and the mountain range of Baghran. At that period, two floors were built in the garden, and it was used in the same way until the middle of the Qajar period.
Garden development in the Qajar era
During the period of Mozaffaroddin Shah, the power of the local rulers of Iran was added. The rule of Birjand was no exception. At this time, the local government departments were not the only center for the exercise of power, and all business, security and political affairs were under the control of the ruler.
Thus, the Akribea Garden expanded and enlarged in this period so that all administration and government affairs could easily be done there. In order to do the governmental affairs easier , two other buildings were added to the garden at that time .
During the Pahlavi era, this garden was used as a place for government housing and social public reception. The local people named this garden, “Kalate Sarkar Amir” meaning the castle of Amir-e-Shahr (the castel of the mayor of city).
During the Pahlavi period, this garden was inherited by Asadullah Alam, Minister of the ceremony of palace for shah. He used this garden as a villa and personal resorts. In the well-known memoirs of the A-alam, it was noted that his father had received from Reza Shah in this garden and he himself has also hosted Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Farah Diba several times.
After the revolution’s victory, for some time the gardens were seized by the police and military forces until it became the owner of the Astan- Quds Razavi province. During this period, officials had little to keep up with. Eventually, this garden was placed under the heritage of the year 1368 and was restored in the National Heritage List after restoration and restoration.
The plan of Garden
Akbarieh Garden is one of the other beautiful garden of Iranian tourism Attractions which is located at the intersection of the main axis and the sub axis of the main gardens.
The presence of homogeneous geometric gardens on both sides of the garden’s main axis is another special feature of Iranian gardens.
The Akbariyeh Garden is composed of two parts, the South and the North. The northern garden is actually the main gardens where the main building is located and the southern garden is dedicated to the service area.
Akbariyeh Garden Buildings
Manor and ceremonial, service and administrative buildings have been made in this garden for two centuries. The oldest mansion of the garden is Heshmat al-Mulk, two floor building with 17 rooms. This section is probably built for the residence of Amir Birjand.
Pavilion mansion, main garden building
The pavilion mansion, which is the main mansion of the garden, was built precisely at the intersection of the main and secondary axis of the garden. This mansion was built for the ceremonial affairs of Shaukat al-Mulk, and it has been tried on this decoration.
The pavilion of the Akbariyeh Garden is made up of the archetypical in Islamic architecture of muqarnas, or Ahoopay between the mansion and the beautiful view of the garden.
Probably, if this mansion was spoken, there would be a lot of secrets and adventures to tell. Because the meetings and important meetings of the Birjand governor took place in the mansion and formal ceremonial meetings were held in the cushion of its foreign hat (the name for its special affairs).
buildings for Services
The Akbaryieh Garden has had some buildings for service facilities that are built for gardening. Baths, barns, cabinets, mosques, caravans, dormitories, and other rooms dedicated to the current affairs of the inhabitants of this garden are the service areas of the garden.
Akbaryieh Garden Museums
Today, in the buildings of the garden consists of the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology of Birjand, the Museum of Fame and the Museum of Dolls and Culture of Khorasan.
And enthusiasts can also get acquainted with the culture, history and anthropology of the South Khorasan when visiting the Akbariyah Garden.
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